Redistributive taxation and public sector pricing

some theoretical issues and Indian experience by M. N. Murty

Publisher: Commonwealth Publishers in New Delhi, India

Written in English
Published: Pages: 226 Downloads: 43
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Places:

  • India.
  • Subjects:

    • Income tax -- India.,
    • Income distribution -- India.,
    • Pricing -- India.
    • Edition Notes

      StatementM.N. Murty.
      SeriesStudies in economic development and planning ;, no. 51
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHJ4766 .M87 1989
      The Physical Object
      Pagination226 p. ;
      Number of Pages226
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1831234M
      ISBN 108171690041
      LC Control Number89903101
      OCLC/WorldCa21041551

redistributive taxation meaning: a situation in which rich people are taxed more and poor people are taxed less, as a percentage of. Learn more.   Third, opportunity costs also exist from relying on taxes for redistributive purposes. If countries want to use the fiscal system to reduce poverty or reduce inequality, they need to look elsewhere. This Article begins with some initial reflections on the redistributive role of the tax system. Public sector, portion of the economy composed of all levels of government and government-controlled enterprises. It does not include private companies, voluntary organizations, and households. The general definition of the public sector includes government ownership or control rather than mere function and thereby includes, for example, the exercise of public authority or the implementation. Linkages to Economy of Public Sector Whereas public finance relates to financial operations, relationships and tools for implementing the provision of public goods, transfers and the stimulation of economic entities to follow a certain behaviour, the term public sector means a specific part of the national economy.

The tax rate is used to raise revenues, which can then be used in government programs. What type of taxes we should use and how high tax rates should be are major questions that economics attempts to answer. This lecture provides an introduction to the economics of taxation. Public policy is the broad strategy government uses to do its job. It is the relatively stable set of purposeful governmental behaviors that address matters of concern to some part of society. Public policy, then, ultimately boils down to determining the strategy for the distribution and allocation of public sector goods and services. While the.   Taxation, imposition of compulsory levies on individuals or entities by governments. Taxes are levied in almost every country of the world, primarily to raise revenue for government expenditures, although they serve other purposes as well. Learn more about taxation in this article. Public economics (or economics of the public sector) is the study of government policy through the lens of economic efficiency and economics builds on the theory of welfare economics and is ultimately used as a tool to improve social welfare.. Public economics provides a framework for thinking about whether or not the government should participate in economic markets and to what.

  The redistributive component of government expenditures has been recognized in the literature. Two different strands exist - one in which the public expenditure is a quasi-private good provided in equal amounts to all persons, the other in which the expenditure can be earmarked to different persons. Public Sector and Taxation. The public sector is a term used to describe the three entities—general government, nonfinancial public enterprises, and public financial institutions—through which governments carry out public policy. General government, made up of central, state (provincial, regional), local (municipalities, school boards), and supranational authorities, and social security. We study the tax/subsidy and capacity decisions of the public sector in a two-tier health system with a welfare redistributive objective. Public care is considered as a public provision of private goods and can be used to achieve welfare redistribution. The public sector is financed through general taxation, offering free but delayed service. The private sector offers delay-free service at a. redistributive programs rests more with the social insurance aspect of the program than with altruistic consideration involving social welfare. Of course, there is a cost to any program of redistributive taxation, namely the incentive loss that is involved in any tax or transactions. The choice of.

Redistributive taxation and public sector pricing by M. N. Murty Download PDF EPUB FB2

Tax systems raise large amounts of revenue for funding public sector's activities, and tax/transfer policy, together with public provision of education, health care, and social services, play a crucial role in treating the symptoms Redistributive taxation and public sector pricing book the causes of by: 9.

Income Taxation, Public Sector Pricing and Redistribution Dieter Bos University of Bonn, West Germany Abstract Income taxation and public sector pricing are considered in an integrated control-theory model of the Mirrlees tradition.

It is shown that the often alleged separability between income. support redistributive taxation, the more progressive the poorer they are against those who have none at all.fl(Book V, Chap. 1, Part II) 7Modern literature on optimal, normative income taxation originates in Mirrlees().

A modern rigorous account of optimal income taxation can be found in Myles (), Chapter 5. Tax systems raise large amounts of revenue for funding public sector's activities, and tax/transfer policy, together with public provision of education, health care, and social services, play a crucial role in treating the symptoms and the causes of poverty.

A LARGE, REDISTRIBUTIVE PUBLIC SECTOR, Joel Slernrod that a redistributive tax system must inevitably, through disincentive effects, have an efficiency cost.

An important corollary to the iron law is that how big an effi- ciency cost any given tax system engenders depends on how respon- sive economic behavior is to the changes in relative. Tax systems raise large amounts of revenue for funding public sector's activities, and tax/transfer policy, together with public provision of education, health care, and social services, play a crucial role in treating the symptoms and the causes of poverty.

The book explains the differences in optimal redistributive tax systems when. Tax systems raise large amounts of revenue for funding public sector's Redistributive taxation and public sector pricing book, and tax/transfer policy, together with public provision of education, health care, and social services, play a crucial role in treating the symptoms and the causes of poverty.

The normative analysis is crucial for tax/transfer design because it makes it possible to assess separately how changes in the. They view progressive income taxation or income subsidies as the most effective instruments of income redistribution and wish to restrict public-sector pricing to the allocational objectives only.

efficiency costs of redistributive taxation when economic in tegration mak es the domestic profit tax base more mobile in ternationally and increases profit-shifting to the lo w-tax coun try. Redistributive Taxation and Public Education Redistributive Taxation and Public Education KRAUSE, ALAN This paper examines the relative effectiveness of publicly provided ‘white collar’ professional (university) education versus ‘blue collar’ vocational training in achieving the government's redistributive goals.

- Buy Optimal Redistributive Taxation book online at best prices in India on Read Optimal Redistributive Taxation book reviews & author details and more at Free delivery on qualified s: 1.

The book explains the differences in optimal redistributive tax systems when governments - instead of maximising social welfare - minimise poverty or maximise social welfare based on rank order or charitable conservatism social welfare functions.

The third set of extensions considers extending the Mirrlees income tax framework toReviews: 1. The book then delves into normative questions such as the design of tax systems, optimal taxation, public sector pricing, and public goods, including local public goods. Written by two of the world's preeminent economists, this edition of Lectures on Public Economics features a new introduction by Anthony Atkinson and Joseph Stiglitz that.

Public Goods Provision and Redistributive Taxation Neslihan Ulery University of Michigan Febru Abstract This paper studies the relationship between redistributive taxation and tax-deductible charitable contributions.

Redistribution has two opposite e ects on voluntary giving. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Optimal Redistributive Taxation by Matti Tuomala (Hardback, ) at the best online prices at eBay.

Tax systems raise large amounts of revenue for funding public sector's activities, and tax/transfer policy, together with public provision of education, health care, and social. Lee "Optimal Redistributive Taxation" por Matti Tuomala disponible en Rakuten Kobo.

Tax systems raise large amounts of revenue for funding public sector's activities, and tax. It comments on some policy recommendations of the Mirrlees Review, and builds on the authors work on public economics, optimal tax theory, behavioural public economics, and income inequality.

The book explains in depth the Mirrlees model and presents various extensions of itOptimal Redistributive Taxation. The book provides an authoritative, comprehensive economic analysis of the marginal tax rates implicit in public and private sector subsidy programs, and uses quantitative measures of incentives to work and their changes over time since to illustrate production and employment patterns.

The review covers the incidence of both taxation and public spending. Methodological points are supported by country cases. The effective distribution of benefits and burdens associated with fiscal policy depends on the size of the government, the distributive mechanisms involved, and the incentives properties of the policy under consideration.

Downloadable (with restrictions). We consider optimal redistribution in a model where individuals can self-select into one of several possible sectors based on heterogeneity in a multidimensional skill vector. We first show that when the government does not observe the sectoral choice or underlying skills of its citizens, the constrained Pareto frontier can be implemented with a single.

The same public policy may produce different redistributive implications. • If the social security transfer scale keeps increasing without structural change, the inequality will increase.

• The formal-sector pension takes up the biggest share and is the most unequalizing sub-item of all social security transers. “The Distributional Impacts of Indirect Tax and Public Pricing Reforms.” In Analyzing the Distributional Impact of Reforms: A Practitioner’s Guide to Pension, Health, Labor Markets, Public Sector Downsizing, Taxation, Decentralization and Macroeconomic Modeling, Vol.

2, edited by el and ostro. Washington: World Bank. We study the tax/subsidy and capacity decisions of the public sector in a two-tier health system with a welfare redistributive objective. Public care is considered as a public provision of private goods and can be used to achieve welfare redistribution.

The public sector is financed through general taxation, offering free but delayed service. INTODUCTION TO PUBLIC FINANCE AND TAXATION THEORY. Public Finance is the term, which has traditionally been used or applied to the packages of those policy problems, which involve the use of tax.

Once the coverage of the public sector is clearly defined, there is a need to classify public sector entities as either engaging in market or non-market production, i.e., as being in the public corporations sector or general government sector respectively.

In the SNA, an. as well as between the private and the public sector. Beyond their strong potential for reducing inequali- ty, redistributive policies are also key for promoting. Downloadable. We consider optimal redistribution in a model where individuals can self-select into one of several possible sectors based on heterogeneity in a multidimensional skill vector.

We first show that when the government does not observe the sectoral choice or underlying skills of its citizens, the constrained Pareto frontier can be implemented with a single non-linear income tax.

Redistributive Taxation in the Roy Model Casey Rothschild, Florian Scheuer. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in JulyRevised in June NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Labor Studies, Public Economics We consider optimal redistribution in a model where individuals can self-select into one of several possible sectors based on heterogeneity in a multidimensional skill.

Redistribution of income and wealth is the transfer of income and wealth (including physical property) from some individuals to others by means of a social mechanism such as taxation, charity, welfare, public services, land reform, monetary policies, confiscation, divorce or tort law.

The term typically refers to redistribution on an economy-wide basis rather than between selected individuals. Journal of Public Economics 28 () North-Holland REDISTRIBUTIVE TAXATION IN A SIMPLE PERFECT FORESIGHT MODEL Kenneth L.

JUDD* Department of Managerial Economics and Decision Sciences, J.L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University. Philippine Public Fiscal Administration, Volume 1 Issue 25 of Fiscal Administrative Foundation Pub Philippine Public Fiscal Administration, Leonor Magtolis- Briones Issue 25 of Publication (Fiscal Administration Foundation) Author: Leonor Magtolis- Briones: Contributor: National Research Council of the Philippines: Edition: 2: Publisher.Taxation Papers are written by the staff of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Taxation and Customs Union, or by experts working in association with them.

Taxation Papers are intended to increase awareness of the work being done by the staff and to seek comments and suggestions for further analyses.The informal sector thus makes consumption taxes progressive: households in the richest quintile face an effective tax rate that is twice that of the poorest quintile.

We extend the standard optimal commodity tax model to allow for informal consumption and calibrate it to the data to study the effects of different tax policies on inequality.